6 Types of Climbing Activities

6 Types of Climbing Activities

Climbing has become an increasingly popular activity, both as an adventure sport and as a way to stay fit. Adventure-lovers find climbing to be a great way to have fun and stay in shape, as well.

There are varied types of climbing, with some requiring the use of rope, while others can be practiced without it. Some types of climbing may be classified as indoor sports, but most of the others fall into the category of outdoor sports. Some of the types of climbing are described below:

Traditional Rock Climbing


This is the most common type of climbing activity. It may be done indoors, as well as outdoors, with the help of ropes and harnesses. Two or more people climb the rocks together, supporting each other, and controlling the rope. In traditional rock climbing, the climber carries wedges, nuts and other forms of protection. He fixes these tools into the cracks of the rocks to get a firm grip. Traditional climbing helps in building strong arms and shoulders.

Sport Climbing

Sport climbing is similar to traditional climbing. In this variation of the activity, a climber does not have to carry protective tools. The pieces are already permanently fixed along the rocks. Thus, this type of climbing is cheaper, quicker, and safer, as compared to traditional rock climbing. This activity helps to build strong thigh muscles and enhances flexibility.

Free-Solo Climbing

Free-solo climbing is like sport rock climbing, but is practiced without ropes. The climber relies primarily on skills and uses minimal equipment. This activity is only suitable for individuals with high levels of physical and mental fitness, and with adequate training and expertise in outdoor climbing. Free-solo climbing helps to conquer fear and boosts self-esteem and confidence.


Bouldering is a climbing activity, performed without ropes. It is practiced on a small or indoor wall, typically at a height of about 10 feet. Bouldering may also be done on the sides of buildings or chimneys. This sports activity requires proper navigation, judgment, and good stamina. Practicing bouldering helps to build focus and improves your mental strength.

Ice Climbing

UntitledIce climbing is an activity in which a climber climbs along a frozen waterfall or glacier, instead of on rocks. Climbers carry special tools meant for ice, instead of the standard nuts and wedges. Warm clothing and mountain boots are other items that the climber needs to have. The screwing of ice needs to be done very carefully. This increases the difficulty. Ice climbing is a way where a climber challenges himself to boost his inner strength and climbing skills. Check out our Ice Climbing Courses today!

Indoor Climbing

In this type, the climber climbs on a plywood or concrete wall. This practice is most suitable for beginners. It helps them develop their skills and allows you to practice handholds and footholds. Participants do not need to worry about safety, as the height is limited to the ceiling and as these sessions are practiced in a controlled environment there are no concerns about the weather. Indoor climbing boosts the heart rate and helps to burn calories.

All of the climbing activities offer multiple health benefits and can help in boosting strength and energy levels.